Module 3:

The Reading Required For This Course Is Quite Wide And Extensive. It Goes Well Beyond The Subject Analysis. The Many Changes Occurring Around The Globe Are Stretching And Reshaping Forms Of Social And Political Activities And Decision Making Require Understanding The Increasingly Important And Diverse Global Connections Among World Societies As Social Values And Life Styles Diversify More And More.

On The Other Hand, It Is Difficult To Talk About People, Power, And Politics Nowsdays And In The Past Without Discussing Citizenship And Democracy. One Important Development Over The Past Decades Has Been The Various Ways In Which Scholars And Activists Have Developed Citizenship's Exclusionary And Inclusionary Potential. Slaves, Indigenous Groups, Women, Children And Refugees Are Some Of The Excluded Groups Who Have Challenged Their Exclusion From Citizenship.

These Are Highly Debated Concepts, Much Like Discussions About "Equality". But Some Reflection On What They Mean Is Vital For Planning And Doing Effective Educational Policies. Among The Broadest Ways To Promote Political Literacy Issues Which Is One Of The Main Aims Of Demokleos Network And How To Make Students Effective Is It To Understand  Public And School Life In Its Broadest Sense To Encompass Realistic Knowledge Of And Preparation For Conflict Resolution And Decision-Making Related To The Main Economic And Social Problems Of The Day... Such Preparations Are Needed Whether These Problems Occur In Locally, Nationally Or Internationally But Among The Broadest Ways Of Defining Politics Is To Understand It As A 'Social Activity' – An Activity.

Political Literacy, In This Sense, Is 'Always A Dialogue, And Never A Monologue.

As we highlight in every opportunity during the implementation of the project, DEMOKLEOS should encourage the young generation to develop a political literacy understanding that supports a modern pluralist and tolerant society with powerful democratic institutions.

The target group of this learning package is any learner interested in its content and approaches. Teachers of all specialties who are willing to spend some time reflecting on their own beliefs and dispositions before starting preparing the lessons of the curriculum or informal activities are directly concerned.

The aim of this learning package is to provide them with knowledge of and skills for the analysis of the development of modern democracies and understand how they function in a pluralistic word. Educational institutions, schools included need to be adapted to cope with complexity and permanent conflict in a pluralistic word. Understanding the meaning of Democracy is the first step to be taken.

Giving information about classical and modern forms of governments and providing basic notions about theories of government, teachers could be helped to support students evaluating them in terms of democratic principles after doing their own research.

Some thematic topics are adaptable for different age groups, as the level of reflection may differ. Some topics, however, are more complex and abstract than others and therefore more suitable for more advanced readers.

Module 2.3:

Media literacy in the classroom. Explore the impact of media on political process and democratic legitimacy by referring to current events.

Some observers have heralded coming of the "new media" age as the catalyst that has instigated a populist political movement where citizens have greater access to the political world than ever before.

The most optimistic articulation of this view posits that mass media serve to stimulate political interest and activism among the mass public. Ordinary citizens are able to establish meaningful and effective roles for themselves in the political arena that has been primarily the domain of elites. Talk radio and Internet blogging for example, can provide an unstructured outlet for public expression.

By using the material and the methodology proposed by our Media literacy and Politics in the classroom. Explore the impact of media on political process by using current events teachers and school students could gain a high level of consciousness of the impact on changes of political process and democratic legitimacy.

Module 2.1

The Purpose Of This Guidebook Is To Serve As A Resource- A How Can We Understand The Past And Actual Workings Of Political, Economic, Social, And Ideological Insights Into The Development Of Democracies, Particularly When Abusive Exercise Of Power Is Imposed By Incumbents Through Rewards Or Fear And Intolerance...

The Guidebook Is Addressed To Teachers, Administrators, Policymakers, And Other Educators Who Want To Gain Basic Notions And Put Operational Practices In Place But Are Not Sure How To Begin. Stimulated By The Pilots In The Partners Schools The Original Conceptual Framework Has Evolved With Respect To Its Preliminary Version Which Was Broadly Used During The Implementation Phase Of The Demokleos Project.

Module 2.2, for teachers

Freedom and democracy are very fragile; you cannot take them for granted

Teachers will:

  • gain a high level of consciousness on the fragility of democratic institutions and of the relevance of citizenship and participation in the democratic process
  • gain an understanding of the impact of history of politics, economics, demographics and culture in Europe
  • gain an understanding of the importance of public sphere for the historical development of modern liberal democracies
  • obtain a critical awareness of the relationship between current events and the processes of the past

In An Increasingly Complex World In Which More Or Less Radical Changes Take Place At All Levels Of Social Life, We Need To Re-Think How We Can Implement A Culture Of Discussion In Our Classrooms. Learning How To Engage In Dialogue With People Whose Values Are Different From One’s Own And To Respect Them Is Central To The Democratic Process And Essential For The Protection And Strengthening Of Democracy And Fostering A Culture Of Democratic Awareness. (for students training)

In An Increasingly Complex World In Which More Or Less Radical Changes Take Place At All Levels Of Social Life, We Need To Re-Think How We Can Implement A Culture Of Discussion In Our Classrooms. Learning How To Engage In Dialogue With People Whose Values Are Different From One’s Own And To Respect Them Is Central To The Democratic Process And Essential For The Protection And Strengthening Of Democracy And Fostering A Culture Of Democratic Awareness. (for teachers training)

Teacher's workshop for Demokleos Erasmus+ project.