Course Description:

The course will familiarize the students with the gastrointestinal, endocrine and urinary Systems, including

1.      Physiology and regulation of the urinary system

2.      Metabolic component of pH

3.      Composition of urine

4.      Gastrointestinal motility

5.      Absorption and metabolism

6.      Liver and bile

7.      Endocrine system

8.      Hypothalamus, pituitary, thyroid

9.      Pancreas as an endocrine gland

10.    Parathyroid glands

Course Description:

The objective of the course is to familiarize students with

The pathogenesis of diseases of the different bodily systems, with consideration of possible mechanisms and underlying metabolic derangements, and their manifestation in clinical signs and symptoms,  and in particular of the diseases of

  • The musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal and reproductive systems
  • The immune, haematological and endocrine systems

 

  • Physiopathology of the most frequently encountered clinical syndromes of the
    • Musculoskeletal system, (eg, arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis and all other principal pain syndromes of the musculoskeletal system, inflammatory and degenerative processes, autoimmune diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system, traumas and fractures, tumors and other pathologies relevant to the musculoskeletal system, etc), 
    • Cardiovascular system (cardiac failure, heart attack-chest pain, acute pulmonary edema, right and left heart failure, clinical signs of thrombophlebitis)
    • Respiratory system (acute and chronic dyspnea, acute and chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, pleural effusion, pulmonary consolidation, pneumonia/bronchopneumonia, pneumothorax, pulmonary embolism)
    • Digestive system (mal-absorption, clinical features of upper and lower digestive tract bleeding (hematemesis, melena), ascites, acute abdomen, peritonitis, ileus, pyloric stenosis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis, cholecystitis, liver cirrhosis)
    • Renal system (nephrotic syndrome, chronic renal failure, bladder and acute cystitis, pyelonephritis)
    • Reproductive system (ovaries, external genitalia)
    • Immune and  haematological systems (anemia, bleeding tendencies)
    • Endocrine system (hyper and hypo-thyroidism, acromegaly, dwarfism, osteoporosis)
    • Skin diseases (lymph node palpation, allergies, eczema  and  dermatitis, cutaneous nevi-clinical characteristics)
    • Signs and symptoms of the diseases of the above systems, differential diagnosis and drawing a plan of clinical and laboratory investigations  for the establishment of a diagnosis

Learning Outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this course students should be able to:

  • Define  the physiopathology of the most prevalent clinical syndromes of:
    • The musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal and reproductive systems
    • The immune, haematological and endocrine systems
  • Demonstrate that they have acquired the competence to put together an initial diagnostic judgment, to assess the indications of complementary examinations and to set up a reasoned diagnostic strategy for the systems above
  • Demonstrate that they have acquired the expertise to assess the changes of the clinical parameters occurring naturally at different age ranges.

The objective of the course is to familiarize students with

The pathogenesis of diseases of the different bodily systems, with consideration of possible mechanisms and underlying metabolic derangements, and their manifestation in clinical signs and symptoms,  and in particular of the diseases of

  • The musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, renal and reproductive systems
  • The immune, haematological and endocrine systems

 

  • Physiopathology of the most frequently encountered clinical syndromes of the
    • Signs and symptoms of the diseases of the above systems, differential diagnosis and drawing a plan of clinical and laboratory investigations  for the establishment of a diagnosis
  • Musculoskeletal system, (eg, arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis and all other principal pain syndromes of the musculoskeletal system, inflammatory and degenerative processes, autoimmune diseases affecting the musculoskeletal system, traumas and fractures, tumors and other pathologies relevant to the musculoskeletal system, etc), 
  • Cardiovascular system (cardiac failure, heart attack-chest pain, acute pulmonary edema, right and left heart failure, clinical signs of thrombophlebitis)
  • Respiratory system (acute and chronic dyspnea, acute and chronic bronchitis, chronic obstructive respiratory disease, pleural effusion, pulmonary consolidation, pneumonia/bronchopneumonia, pneumothorax, pulmonary embolism)
  • Digestive system (mal-absorption, clinical features of upper and lower digestive tract bleeding (hematemesis, melena), ascites, acute abdomen, peritonitis, ileus, pyloric stenosis, gastroenteritis, appendicitis, cholecystitis, liver cirrhosis)
  • Renal system (nephrotic syndrome, chronic renal failure, bladder and acute cystitis, pyelonephritis)
  • Reproductive system (ovaries, external genitalia)
  • Immune and  haematological systems (anemia, bleeding tendencies)
  • Endocrine system (hyper and hypo-thyroidism, acromegaly, dwarfism, osteoporosis)
  • Skin diseases (lymph node palpation, allergies, eczema  and  dermatitis, cutaneous nevi-clinical characteristics)