The course will familiarize students with the principles of neurophysiology, including:
- The Organization of the Nervous System, Basic Functions of Synapses, and Neurotransmitters
- Sensory Receptors, Neuronal Circuits for Processing Information
- Somatic Sensations:. General Organization, the Tactile and Position Senses
- Pain, Headache, and Thermal Sensations
- The Eye: Optics of Vision
- The Eye: Receptor and Neural Function of the Retina
- The Eye: Central Neurophysiology of Vision
- The Sense of Hearing
- The Chemical Senses—Taste and Smell
- Motor Functions of the Spinal Cord; the Cord Reflexes
- Cortical and Brain Stem Control of Motor Function
- Contributions of the Cerebellum and Basal Ganglia to Overall Motor Control
- Cerebral Cortex, Intellectual Functions of the Brain, Learning, and Memory
- Behavioral and Motivational Mechanisms of the Brain—The Limbic System and the Hypothalamus
- States of Brain Activity—Sleep, Brain Waves, Epilepsy, Psychoses, and Dementia
- The Autonomic Nervous System and the Adrenal Medulla
- Cerebral Blood Flow, Cerebrospinal Fluid, and Brain Metabolism
Upon successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
- Discuss the physiology of the nerve cells, their interconnections and the principles of cellular excitability.
- Describe the molecular mechanism of cellular contraction and relaxation.
- Describe the physiological control mechanisms and regulation of the body temperature.
- Describe the general operational role of the nervous system and the individual functions carried out by afferent and efferent pathways.
- Explain the anatomical components of the nerves and the mechanisms that are involved in the execution of all superior brain functions.
- Carry out a basic neurological examination.
- Teacher: Constantinos Tsioutis